As Shanghai enters the era of waste classification, relevant industry stations are on the rise. In the last week of June this year, 53 newly registered companies on waste classification were added in China. Compared with mature markets such as the United States, China's solid waste industry is still in the stage of decentralized operation of the industrial chain, and there is a huge space for integrated development in the future. However, there is a problem that entrepreneurs in the garbage sorting industry will mention in their communication - industry qualification and license plate.
"Recruitment of garbage sorting inspector, salary 400 yuan a day..."
With Shanghai entering the era of garbage classification, related industries and types of work suddenly become popular. Judging from the market feedback, only in the last week of June this year, 53 newly registered companies on waste classification were added in China.
On July 11, a salon on Guanghua Road, Beijing, with the theme of "garbage industry throwing out a new outlet", was full of seats. Most of the participants were industry enterprises, investment managers and media who actively signed up to participate. The industry also attracted the attention of many young faces.
This round of "tuyere" is fierce. Nine departments such as the Ministry of housing and urban rural development recently issued a notice, and decided to start domestic waste classification work in prefecture level and above cities in China from 2019.
Industry estimates that the sanitation industry will reach 200 billion market in the future. Ma Rui, vice president of Fengrui capital, who has invested in environmental sanitation enterprises, said that it is uncertain whether waste classification is a vent or not. It depends on whether there will be a new business model.
Both investors and entrepreneurs agree that it is a process of improving the level of social civilization that urban garbage classification begins. -Song Wenhui, both investors and entrepreneurs, agreed that it was a process of improving the level of social civilization that the city began to classify garbage. -Song Wenhui
How big is the garbage sorting market
Before Shanghai entered the era of waste classification, the waste classification industry in China had two outlets.
In 2012, a number of 3C digital electronic recycling enterprises emerged. The second outlet was in 2015, when o2o mode produced many home-made waste recycling companies. In Beijing alone, there were seven or eight o2o home-based recycling companies.
The expansion of waste classification pilot project has brought new demands, including the demand for environmental sanitation equipment and services for front-end classified delivery, classified collection and classified transportation. From the relevant recruitment website, the reporter can see a lot of recruitment information about garbage sorting personnel, supervisors, project managers, environmental sanitation engineers and so on.
The business model of intelligent garbage collection and o2o recycling is also attractive. On the morning of July 11, 21st century economic reporter visited a community in Beijing, where a small yellow dog intelligent garbage sorting and recycling bin was set up. Surrounding residents told the 21st century economic report that due to the need to use mobile phones for intelligent operation of classification, many of them are elderly people who are used to throwing garbage directly into traditional garbage cans. In addition, several recycling bins of this group of intelligent garbage cans have been unable to be put into operation. Some residents suspect that it is either not cleaned up or broken.
Zhang Xiaowen, director and deputy general manager of Everbright financial holding investment management department, said at the salon on July 11 that at present, China's solid waste removal and transportation volume is only one third of that of the United States, and the market-oriented degree of environmental sanitation industry is less than 30%. The future space is very broad, and it is estimated that the environmental sanitation industry market will reach 200 billion yuan. Compared with mature markets such as the United States, China's solid waste industry is still in the stage of decentralized operation of the industrial chain, and there is a huge space for integrated development in the future.
The 21st century economic reporter has noticed that investors and entrepreneurs are used to comparing China's market with American garbage sorting giant enterprises. Among them, WM (waste management), the largest in the United States, has a market value of 48.7 billion US dollars. The total market value of three listed companies (waste management, Republic services and waste connections) exceeds 92 billion US dollars. So far, there is no giant enterprise in China's waste classification industry. The industry has always believed that there will be industry giants in China in the future.
Fang Hao, CEO of idle bean recycling, an industry representative enterprise, believes that garbage classification is not only aimed at the community and campus markets, but also at the commercial user markets such as hotels and office buildings, as well as the undeveloped waste classification markets in the industrial manufacturing fields such as automobile tires, electric vehicle lead-acid batteries and scrapped automobiles. Waste treatment needs a huge logistics system to support, and there are also a lot of opportunities in the fields of back-end warehousing and channels.
According to Zhang Xiaowen, the marketization rate of environmental sanitation industry in the United States has reached 78%, and the market share of the top three enterprises is as high as 44%, almost forming an oligopoly pattern. However, the marketization rate of China's environmental sanitation industry is less than 30%, and the market share of the top three enterprises is less than 5%. In addition, the U.S. head enterprises have a 30% - 40% gross profit margin on environmental sanitation business, and the cash flow is healthy, while the gross profit rate of domestic sanitation business is only 6% - 10%, which is in the expansion stage. The cash flow is very tight, and there is still a large space for the Chinese market.
Facing the problems of license plate and qualification
In the view of some investors, garbage sorting is a slow industry. At present, there are various problems in China. The industry is still small, scattered and disorderly. Industry entrepreneurs and investors are calling for the garbage sorting industry to become a market-oriented and commercial industry. More humanized consideration should be given to the policy level, and the market model should be used to solve the problem.
Xu Yuanhong, the general manager of AI classification, calls himself "the second generation of waste". He and his father are both engaged in the waste classification industry. In his opinion, the current compulsory classification mode has made the community equipped with supervision, security and inspection, which has cost a lot of money